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clean and clear water

Studies have shown that tap water is not safe for drinking. Most of the tap water contains contaminants, chemicals and pollutants making unsuitable for human consumption. That is why it is important for every household to install a water filter in Australia. These machines helps to get rid of impurities that can cause infections.

However, choosing the best small water filters or portable in the market is a difficult task. If you are feeling stuck on which water filter to purchase, we have got you covered. In this buyers guide, we have listed the best water filters in the market.  

1. Brita Marella XL Blue Jug

Brita_Marella_XL_Blue_Jug

If you are looking for a water filter that will service small family of three people, this Brita Marellafilter is a perfect choice.  The filter is using one the powerful MAXTRA Microflow technology to remove impurities including contaminants, chemicals and other pollutants. The filter provides 2 liters of clean water but if you take out the cartridge, you can get 3.5 liters. Therefore, it’s a perfect filter for a small family and more so if you are living alone. Brita Marella XL Blue Jug water filter is selling at around $73.86 AUD on most online shops in Australia.

2. Stefani 2L Water Jug

Stefani_2L_Water_Jug

This is another water filter designed for small families. If you are living alone or you are about three to four people in the house, this Stefani filter is the perfect water filter for you. The filter provides 2extremely clean water and that’s why it has grown popular in Australia. It provides 2 liters making it perfect for a small household. You can easily change the filter if you need to make a replacement with a new one. It is also one of the cheapest water filters in the market selling at around $27.95 AUD on most of the online stores.

3. Eight Stage 16L Water Filter

Eight_Stage_16L_Water_Filter

If you are looking for an affordable water filter to serve more than one person, then Eight Stage 16L Water Filter is what you need. The water filter has two compartments, where the lower and lower tanks capacity totals to 16 litres. The water filter uses eight stage carbon purification process that provides clean and clear water free of any bacterial and smells. The water filter comes with a built-in faucet so that you can drink direct from the jug. In addition, this water also helps to adjust the pH of the water to produce alkaline water which is great for the body. You can get this water filter $53.23 AUD.

4. Heppi Alkaline Water Jug

Heppi_Alkaline_Water_Jug

If you are looking for a small family water filters that can purify any water and produce alkaline water, this Heppi water filter would be a perfect choice. The water filter comes with an alkaline ionizing technology which gets rid of elements such as odours, chlorine, copper, lead and metals. These are some of the elements that makes water hard and taste awful. So this water filter provides clean, good tasting alkaline water. To be sure of quality water, you’ll need to replace the cartridge after three months. You get buy filter at around $81.33 AUD on most online stores.

5. Aquagear 8-Cup Water filter

Aquagear_8-Cup_Water_Filter_Pitcher

This is another water filter that works excellent for small family. The water filter is designed with numerous 2-micron pores that traps all pollutants in the water as it passed through the cartridge. The powerful filter cartridge can reduce the fluoride, mercury, chloramine and other contaminants by 90 to 99%. It produces 8 cups, which is the recommend amount of water for an adult per day. Water filtering process is very fast since it takes 1.5 minutes to fill a cup. Due to its smaller size, Aquagear 8-Cup Water filter is perfect for a family of three. The water filter is selling at around $103.43 AUD online.

6. PUR 3-Stage Horizontal Water Filtration Faucet Mount

PUR_3-Stage_Horizontal_Water_Filtration_Faucet_Mount

PUR 3-Stage water filter allows you to get fresh water from the faucet. The filter uses ‘one-click’ technology to provide purified and clean water. All you need to do is to press a few buttons for the filter to connect with the faucets. It’s one of the portable filters in that you can move it from one faucet to the other. It is easy to install hence make it perfect for homeowners without skills technical skills. The filter selling at around $88.78 AUD on the popular online stores in Australia.

7. Lifestraw Go Water Filter Bottle

LIFESTRAW_GO_WATER_FILTER

If you love outdoor adventures, then you need to have a portable water filter to stream water and tap water along the way. If you love hiking, this Lifestra water filter is one of the best options that you have in the market. The simple and small water filter helps enough water (650mL) for you to drink when hiking or on a road trip. The water filter designed with a mouthpiece so you don’t need cup but can drink directly from the bottle. It also comes with a carabiner that attaches on your back hence making it easy to carry. The water filters is selling at around $70.73 on most online stores.

8. KatadynBeFree Water Bottle and Filter

Katadyn_BeFree_Bottle_Filter

This another water filter for people who love adventure. If you would like to invest in a water filter that will provide clean water while on the go, then KatadynBeFree Water Bottle and Filter is a perfect choice. You can fill this bottle from any water source and it will provide clean and safe water for drinking. It is very effective for removing microorganisms. It is lightweight, making it perfect for outdoor adventures. The water filter is selling at around $103.51 AUD online.

9. LifeStraw LSPHF017 Water Filter

LifeStraw_LSPHF017_Water_Filter

For people who love hiking, camping, road trips and other outdoor activities, LifeStraw LSPHF017 would be the perfect Water Filter for you. The small unit is extremely easy to use and can clean and purify water from any source. The filter can remove up to 99.99 percent of the bacteria and protozoa found in water. It is one of the cheapest water filters on the go selling at around $25.85 AUD in most online stores.

If you are stuck on the best small family and portable water filters to buy, these are some of the popular options to pick from. These water filters work very well for small family and adventure enthusiasts.

You must have noticed an increased use in solar hot water systems in Indooroopilly, Kenmore, Tennyson, Chapel Hill, and others. The demand for these water heaters is growing at a fast rate compared to a few years back. So, what's causing this demand?

Well, some reasons can explain why homeowners and commercial properties are going for solar water heater system. Experts at Hot Water Brisbane have provided us with the following factors that are creating this demand. They include:

solar hot water

Environmental Awareness

Australians are more aware of environmental degradation today than ever before. The recent intense bush fires have shown us how bad is global warming can be. That's why people are now trying to use clean energy. The plumbing pros at Hot Water Brisbane have commented on the increased number of inquiries with regards to solar power hot water plumber installations in areas such as Indooroopilly, Kenmore, Tennyson, Chapel Hill, and Kenmore Hills.

Plumbing technician Jeff suggested that the rising popularity of environmentally-friendly energy sources and campaigning in those areas have played a part in residences and commercial properties requesting for solar-powered hot water systems.

Availability of Solar System

According to Jeff, a plumbing technician with Hot Water Brisbane, the solar hot water systems are more available than ever before. A decade ago, only a few brands were producing these types of water heaters worldwide. But with the growing demand for green energy, more manufacturers have come up.

woker fixing solar hot water system

So, today, you enter a store in Brisbane and come out with a solar-powered water heater system. So, the ease of access to these types of hot water systems is one reason for the new demand. That never used to happen a while back. In some cases, you needed to place an order with the manufacturer for the unit to be constructed.

Government Incentives

The Australian government is giving incentives to residents investing in clean energy. Most homeowners are applying for the STCs. It is a government scheme that provides financial incentives for people installing clean energy.

So, you will get back some of the money you invested in a solar-powered hot water system. This is a big factor that is driving more and more Brisbane residents to install solar hot water systems. If you can get back thousands of dollars after installing this system, why not replace the old gas system with a solar-powered model?

panel cells of solar hot water system

Availability of Solar Energy

In Brisbane, we have no shortage of solar energy. We have plenty of sunshine almost year-round, which is the energy need by these hot water systems to heat water. So, any technology that utilises solar energy will do very in this part of the country. This includes solar hot water systems.

The only time that you might need a backup is some days in winter when the sun might be weak. But for the other seasons of the years, you are guaranteed to get a constant supply of hot water from the unit. So, the availability of sunlight in Australia is one of the factors fueling demand for these water heaters.

Improved Efficiency

Unlike the first solar-powered hot water systems, today, we have some of the most efficient models. According to Jeff, solar hot water systems released a decade ago were super inefficient. They couldn't get the water hot during the fall and winter seasons. That's why the uptake by the market was not good.

The modern solar-powered hot water systems are designed to maximise heat absorption. The new models come with high-efficiency evacuation tubes, which maximises solar heat absorption. So, they can heat water even during fall and winter. The insulated tank keeps the water hot for a long time. So, if your home water demand is not big, the tank can supply hot water for the whole night.

hot water powered by solar energy

Free Energy

Have you ever imagined how your energy bill would look like if you remove the water heater? Well, you can be sure that more than 30% will be slashed. That's the motivation driving Kenmore and other Brisbane suburbs to install these units.

Solar energy is available for free. It's a gift from nature that costs you nothing. After installation, you will enjoy a constant supply of hot water at zero heating costs. This will have a huge impact on your finance in the long run - you will be saving a lot of money.

Low Maintenance Cost

There is no doubt that a solar-powered hot water system is one of the most expensive water heaters. It might also cost you more to install compared to the electric models. That's unless you get financial incentives from the government. But Jeff mentioned that it is one of the cheapest water heaters to maintain.

fillng a tub with hot water powered by solar hot water system

One thing about these hot water systems is you don't need frequent maintenances. They do not have moving or heating parts like gas and electric models. So, their rate of wear and tear is very low. That's how the cost of maintaining these units is one of the lowest in the market.

In conclusion, the solar-powered hot water system is the future. The fact it uses clean energy makes the planet safer. With advancing technology, we expect more improvement to make these units better. With time, they might wipe out the gas and electric hot water systems.

tap water being poured on a drinking glass

Tap water has increasingly become unsafe for drinking due to increased contamination. Although the local municipality may have treated the water, the possibility of contamination during supply is very high. That’s why households in Australia are advised to purify tap water before drinking. 

The good news is that there many ways that you can keep tap water clean. Some of these ways may cost you some money, but others will cost you nothing apart from your time. In this guide, we have put together some 10 best ways of keeping tap water clean. 

1. Boiling  

One of the easiest ways to keep tap water clean is boiling. It is one of the best homemade solutions for treating contaminated tap water. Boiling water kills all the deadly disease-causing microorganisms in the water. Studies have also shown that boiling water can also neutralise dangerous chemicals in the water. All you have to do is to put water in a pot or microwave-safe vessel and heat it to a rolling boil for at least 1 minute. Then allow it to cool before transferring it to a clean container. 

2. Cleaning Kitchen Sink Drains 

Most people don’t know that their kitchen sink drains could be contaminating their water. Clogs in the sink provide a perfect breeding ground for bacteria and other disease-causing microorganisms. Some of these bacteria and microorganism may find their way to the faucets, and that’s how they contaminate tap water. What you need is drain cleaning services to remove sink clogs. Check out Drain Cleaning Brisbane for professional drain cleaning services. They are Brisbane plumbing specialists and will help you keep your tap water clean by cleaning your sink drains. 

clean kitchen sink

3. Use Chlorine Bleach 

Chlorine is one of the widely used chemicals for water purification. The chemical works by killing bacteria and other disease-causing microorganisms in the water. The chlorine bleach has a high concentration of acid. So, when added to the water, it makes raises water acidity making it impossible for the microorganisms to survive. You should use 8 drops for household bleach for 4 litres of water. This will be enough to kill all the deadly bacteria and microorganisms in the water. 

4. Use UV Light water Purifier 

One of the most advanced technology in water purification is the use of UV light. The UV light water purifiers use the ultraviolet light to kill bacterial, viruses, and protozoa in the water. All you need is a gadget that produces UV light clean tap water. Just turn the light on, drop it into the water in a container, and swish it around for a minute or as per manufacturer’s instructions. The remove it and the water will be clean and safe for drinking. 

5. Use Iodine 

Most of the water purification tablets are iodine. That’s something most people may not know. If you want to clean water at an affordable cost, you need to buying iodine. You can either buy iodine solution, tablets, or crystals for tap water cleaning. All you have to do is to add it into the water, shake well, and leave it for at least 5 minutes. Iodine kills bacteria, protozoans, and viruses in the water. However, it works great in warm water. 

6. Use Water Filtration System 

If you have some money to spend, then you need to consider buying a water filter. There are many water filtration systems including carbon filters, reverse osmosis, and water ionisers amongst others. However, carbon filters are the most recommended because they get rid of chemicals such as lead and other disease-causing microorganisms. Water filters also remove particles in the water. In addition to that, there are some high-quality water purifiers that add minerals to the purified water. 

7. Fix Leaks In Your Plumbing 

It is important that you check your plumbing system for leaks. In most cases, bacteria and other microorganisms contaminating tap water get access through cracked pipes. Therefore, you need to ensure that your plumbing system is inspected for leaks every often. However, it is important to ensure that you are dealing with a professional plumber when inspecting leaks. Look for someone who is using the latest leak detection and location technology. 

gold color faucets from kitchen sink

8. Always Clean Gasoline And Solvent Spill 

Spills in your garage could find their way to your tap water through cross-contamination. Maybe the clean water pipe pass through the garage could get cracked hence allowing gasoline and solvent spill into your water supply. This exposes you to serious health complications since both liquids may contain lead and other harmful heavy metals. Therefore, always make sure that you have thoroughly cleaned gasoline and solvent spills. You will reduce not only diseases but also environmental degradation

9. Update Your Plumbing System 

It is important that you update your plumbing system to maintain the quality of tap water. The water from the municipality could be clean but gets contaminated in your plumbing. There are old plumbing systems done using copper other metal pipes. With time, these metals start to rust hence contaminating the water with rust and harmful chemicals. Update such plumbing pipes with PVC and other modern options. You should also consider changing your faucets after using them for at least ten years. 

10. Water Softening 

One of the biggest problems in most households in Australia is hard water. If you are using water from your well, natural stream, and even the municipal supply, most of this water is hard. To keep your tap water clean, one of the things that you need to consider is installing a water softener at the entry point. It will significantly improve the quality of your tap water. 

In conclusion, your tap water is not clean and safe for drinking. It is likely to be contaminated along with the supply or even in your home plumbing system. With these 10 tips, you will be able to improve the quality of your tap water as well as keep clean. However, some of these tips require the services of a plumbing specialist. 

Water is quickly becoming a scarce resource globally. The ever-increasing number of people without access to clean and safe water for drinking proves this finding. That’s why water recycling is increasingly becoming crucial in water conservation efforts. 

Water recycling is simply a water conservation method that includes treating wastewater with the intention to reuse it. Any wastewater from homes or industries can be collected and treated to make it safe for use. In addition, you can collect your greywater and use it directly in your yard or gardens instead of using tap water. But how does the water recycling work? Well, that’s what we are going to look into this guide.  

How Does Water Recycling Work? 

The working mechanism of water recycling is pretty simple. However, the method used for recycling depends on the kind of water that is being treated. For example, recycling wastewater that has faeces is not the same as recycling greywater. Similarly, the intended application of the recycled water is another factor that determines how you do recycling. For example, if the water is to be used for agriculture, then it needs to be thoroughly compared to yard irrigation water. In addition to that, you can have a customised solution for your wastewater. 

For a standard water recycling system, it has four main stages of water recycling. They include removal of larger particles, filtration, chemical removal and lastly sterilisation. Here are the 4 stages explained: 

1) Removal of Large Particles 

The first stage of water recycling is the removal of larger particles in the wastewater. Whether it is sewerage or industrial water, there are large particles that are easy to remove. Depending on the expected results, there are several approaches to be used. They can be mechanical sieving of the particles or machines designed for this work. Once the wastewater passes through this stage, it will come free of any large particles such as food chips and so on. However, it will still be dirty and unsafe for use. So, you need to take it to the next stage.  

2) Filtration 

clean drop of water

After you have removed all particles in the wastewater, the next stage is filtration. The filtration system is subdivided into two stages. Although the water has large particles removed, there is the likelihood of more particles in the water. So, the first stage in the filtration process is pushing water through fine sand and gravels to remove remaining particles. The second stage is filtering the water using a 3-stage cartridge filtration system. It is a powerful filtration system that produces the required maximum particle size. While at this stage, the water is free of particles and some of the microorganisms, including some bacteria. 

3) Removing Chemicals 

One of the major components in wastewater is the chemicals. Whether it’s greywater or industrial ones, you will find chemicals that make water unsafe for human use. The most common are the surfactants. These chemicals found in detergents and that’s why you can’t miss them in the wastewater. Other components common components in wastewater include calcium, manganese ions, iron, and magnesium. They are responsible for the hardening of the used water.  

At this stage, chemicals such as phosphate are added to the water to remove water hardening components. However, it does not remove surfactants, and both are harmful to animals and plants. There are two ways that you can remove these two components from the water- chemicals that coagulate them or using bacteria to decompose them. Up to this stage, the water is safe to be used for but not human use. If the water is for cooking or doing laundry, you need to go to the fourth stage. 

4) Sterilisation 

The fourth and last stage is sterilisation. Once the water is free of detergents and other chemicals free, the only thing that you need to remove to make safe for human use is eliminating diseases causing organisms, parasites, bacteria and viruses. There are many ways you can sterilise the water with chlorination being one of the most common. Chlorine is the most efficient water treatment when it comes to getting rid of microorganisms in the contaminated water. It is also one of the best options for water that is to be stored for future use. 

UV sterilisation is growing popular with outdoor adventurers. The water treatment method uses UV rays to kill all microorganisms and parasitic pathogens in the water. The technology works by disrupting pathogens’ cellular functioning. The technique is ideal for emergency water sterilisation. In just a matter of seconds, UV rays will have sterilised the water. 

woman drinking water on a tumbler outdoors

What Is Grey Water Recycling System? 

Unlike the typical wastewater, greywater is any water coming from all parts of your home except the toilet. Therefore, it should not come into contact with faeces. So, it is water from your tubs, bathroom, washing machine, shower and sink. This water contains traces of grease, dirt and food. 

Although it is dirty, you can use it for irrigating yards and even growing plants. In facts, this water could be more nutritious than tap water. Therefore, a greywater recycling system is a system that enables you to recycle your greywater and reuse it. There are three main greywater recycling systems you can use depending on the intended application. They include: 

Direct use System 

This is where the greywater from the house is collected and directed to the yard or gardens. In this case, all you need is a plumbing system or a pipe to take the water to the gardens. You don’t need to do any form of treatment to reuse the water. With that, you will be able to reduce the amount of water used in your home. 

Biological System 

There several ways that biological systems work. First, you can use sand to filter the water if you don’t want food particles. All you need is to pour water in a sandbox and use gravity to remove large particles in the water. The second biological system involves treating the greywater using a septic tank. 

Mechanical Filters System 

This is a straightforward process of recycling greywater. What you need is to undo the U-bend under a sink and collect the used water in a bucket. Then you can manually pour the water in your toilet’s cistern. However, it can be a time-consuming and tiresome system, but it works in case of no alternative. 

In conclusion, water recycling is crucial when it comes to water conservations. It helps to reduce the amount of water usage by reusing wastewater. The water conservation method can also be on a larger scale by factories and huge companies to reduce their water consumption. It’s a water conservation method that will not only reduce water usage but also cut on your water bills. 

woman holding a glass of lemon water

The numerous health benefits of drinking infused water are the reasons why health experts recommend it. These waters are rich in vitamins, which helps in boosting immunity and improve metabolism, amongst other health benefits. Warm lemon water is one of the most recommended infused water. 

Lemon is rich in vitamin C, B vitamins (B1, B2, B5, and B6) as well as minerals such as copper, iron, calcium, and potassium. That’s why medical experts recommend its infused water because of the many nutrients it provides to the body. However, most people have no idea how to make a perfect warm lemon. In this guide, we will show you how to make warm lemon water and also the benefits of this infused water and how to drink it for maximum benefit. 

How To Make Warm Lemon Water 

The recipe for making warm lemon water is pretty simple. The main ingredients are the lemon and warm water - that’s all you need. However, we recommend the use of filtered water or clean and safe water for drinking. There are three main steps to make a perfect infused lemon water. 

Steps 

  1. Slice the lemon in quarters (…wash the fruit properly). Then, squeeze the juice into a jug of water. If you have invested in a juicer reamer, then it might make things easier. 
  2. Add warm in the juice. Ideal warm water should 1/3 cup of boiling water and ¼ of cold water. Warm water helps to extract Vitamin C and other nutrients.
  3. Once the juice and the warm water have properly mixed, add peels. Lemon peels are rich in various vitamins, minerals, and fiber, such as potassium, calcium, and Vitamin C.   

5 Main Benefits of Warm Lemon water 

There are many health benefits associated with lemon water. With its vaster range of vitamins and minerals, drinking lemon water improves the health of your body. Here are some of the main health benefits you get from drinking warm lemon water every morning: 

Improved Digestion 

Improved digestion is one of the main benefits of drinking lemon water. Lemon helps to flush out unwanted materials and toxins in the digestive system, which are also responsible for poor digestion. In addition to that, warm lemon water has the same atomic composition as the saliva and the digestive juice in the stomach. Therefore, it stimulates the liver to produce bile hence improved digestion. Last but not least, lemon contains minerals and vitamins that help to clear the digestive tract for better digestion. 

Cleansing Your System 

Lemon helps to flush out unwanted materials, including toxins; hence, cleansing your system. It is one of the best detox fruits. For example, warm lemon water helps to increase the rate of urination. That means more toxins and other unwanted materials will be flushed out through urine. Additionally, citric acid in lemon stimulates an enzyme that aids detoxification to enhance the cleansing of your system. 

Boosting Your Immunity 

Lemon contains vitamins and minerals that promote body immunity. Vitamin C is best known for helping the body fight colds. It also helps in preventing and treating inflammation, asthma, and other respiratory symptoms. On the other hand, potassium helps to stimulate brain and nerve function as well as helps to control blood pressure. These are just some of the ways drinking lemon can help boost your immunity of the body. 

Helps to Balance pH 

Balancing the pH of the body is essential to your overall health. Our bodies tend to get too acidic due to the kind of foods that we eat. Once the body becomes acidic, then it becomes susceptible to diseases such as cancer, amongst others. Lemon is alkaline, and thus, drinking warm lemon water helps to remove/lower acidity by making the body more alkaline. That’s how it helps to balance the pH of the body. 

infused lemon water

Promotes Hydration 

Drinking water is crucial for a well-hydrated body. It is recommended that you drink between 8 and 12 glasses of water of 8 ounces a day. By drinking a glass of lemon water, you will be contributing to this amount. Drinking plain water, however, is also beneficial in promoting hydration for the body. And if you're like me who is used to drinking it cold, keeping it safe and clean is always a foremost requirement. David Wherrett from Discount Fridge Filters said that "high-quality refrigerator water filters do a good job of keeping harmful bacteria and contaminants out of the water we drink." So investing in a good fridge water filter will bring more health for you and your family.

Best Way To Warm Lemon Drink For Maximum Benefits 

For you to get the most out of the warm lemon water, you must take into consideration several things. You need to know how to drink lemon water to get maximum nutrients out of it. There are three things that you must get right – the type of water, size of a lemon, and the right time. 

1. Use Warm Water 

To extract all the nutrients from the lemon, you need to use warm water. The higher temperature in the water helps to extract crucial nutrients such as Vitamin C and polyphenols from the fruit. So, don’t use boiling as it might negate some of the benefits, while cold water may not extract essential nutrients, especially from the peel. 

2. Best Time Of The Day To Drink 

Timing is crucial when it comes to drinking your warm lemon water. To get the most out of this water, drink it when the body is extremely dehydrated. Our bodies are most hydrated when we wake up. So, grab your glass first thing in the morning when you wake up. The body will absorb most of the nutrients in this lemon. 

3. Quantity Of lemon 

The other thing you need to put into consideration is the amount of lemon to use. The most recommend number is one lemon person. However, you need to use the whole lemon for you to get maximum nutrients. After squeezing the juice, you also need to put peels in the glass. Lemon peels contain polyphenol, which helps to improve metabolism and dealing with overweight issues. 

Conclusion 

Drink warm lemon water first thing when you wake up. It will go a long way in not only hydrates your body but also improve your overall health. Lemon helps to heal inflammation, improve your immunity, and so on. However, make sure that you have used a whole lemon (plus peels), warm water, and follow the right preparation procedure. That’s how you get the most out of lemon-infused water. 

rainfall

There has been a misconception that rainwater is the cleanest and safest to drink. But you will be surprised to learn that that may not be the case. According to various studies conducted on this water, it has been proven that it can be as polluted as any other water. So, it is not safe to drink rainwater directly. 

Unlike some decades ago, today we have one of the most polluted atmospheres. There are so many harmful and acidic gases in the air that end up contaminating rainwater. In addition, rainwater harvesting methods are also contributing to the contamination. So, is rainwater clean and safe to drink? Well, the answer is no. We have provided 7 major reasons why rainwater is not clean and safe to drink: 

Acidic Rain 

One of the potential contaminants of rainwater is acids. There are many acidic gases in the air, which combines with rainwater to create acidic rain. Some of the common acidic gases include sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides. They are produced by factories and the burning of fossil fuels. So, if you are leaving near an industrial area, you might be harvesting acidic rains because of the acidic gases in your atmosphere. That makes your rainwater unsafe for drinking.  

That simply means that you might have a clean and well-kept water harvesting system, but the collected water is acidic. In some cases, acidic rain may reach a pH of 2, although the most common is 4. Whichever the case, the water is too acidic and cause serious health complications. That is one of the reasons why rainwater may not be clean and safe for drinking. 

Dust  

When dust particles are picked by wind, they become part of the atmosphere. So, when the water vapour starts condensing, or it starts raining, it collects these particles. The dust and dirt particles could be carrying anything from germs to deadly contaminants such as heavy metals to diseases causing microorganisms. Germs and bacteria are the most common microorganisms in the dust. Therefore, the water might appear clean but highly contaminated. That makes it not safe for direct human consumption. Therefore, you will need to have the water filtered or treated to remove the contaminants before drinking.  That is why investing in a water filter is highly recommended. 

Smoke and Pollen 

For the water to be clean and safe for drinking, it must be free of any form of foreign particles or contaminants. But it’s very difficult to find rain that offers meets these standards. Smoke and pollen are some of the common foreign particles in rainwater. If there are areas that are producing smoke such as factories or burning forests, then these particles will be captured and brought back to the ground by rainwater. Some of the smokes could be carrying harmful gases that can harm your health. Therefore, such water should be treated before drinking. Otherwise, you might end up consuming harmful chemicals. 

woman in the rain

Roof Contaminants 

The condition of the roof that’s collecting rainwater is another factor to consider. When the rain washes across the roof, it collects everything including germs, dust and chemicals attached to it. That’s how the harvested rainwater becomes unsafe. Additionally, construction materials such as asbestos and asphalt, which are petroleum products, and metals such as lead and copper on the roof can also contaminate water. All these contaminants will find their way into your water storage. Unless this water is filtered before use, it is not safe for drinking. You should also consider cleaning your roof before rains start. 

Bacteria and Virus In Rainwater 

Contrary to what some people think, there could be many bacteria and viruses in the rainwater. Most of these bacteria are collected on the roof and gutters. However, there are airborne bacteria in the atmosphere which finds their back to the ground through the rain. For the roofs, most of the bacteria are in the dust particle as well as from the bird droppings. Small animals that can climb up the roof, such as cats can also spread bacteria. In addition to that, bacteria could also be coming from decomposing organic matter such as plants and dead animals in the storage. All these types of bacteria and viruses make rainwater unsafe for drinking. 

Contaminated Storage 

One of the biggest mistakes that people make is poor storage for the harvested rainwater. If you have done everything right up to the storage, then you need to keep this water in the tank for a very short time. The longest you can have it in the tank is ten days after harvesting. If it goes beyond ten days, then you will have a problem of contamination. The most common contamination is mosquito larvae contamination. You should also install screens to prevent debris and animal contamination such as bird dropping entering the storage. 

Odours 

As the rainwater washes over the roof and gutters, it collects a lot of dust and dirt which forms sediment and slime at the bottom of the tank. If the water stays in the storage tank for long, the sediment accumulating at the bottom will start decaying. That’s when you will start experiencing some unpleasant smell and sometimes tastes coming from the water. The unpleasant odour will get stronger as the time goes as well as the water level lowers due to higher concentration. In such cases, then the water will not be safe for drinking. 

Conclusion 

Rainwater may look clean, but it can be heavily contaminated. There are a lot of contaminants in the atmosphere and throughout the rainwater collection system, which makes it unsafe for drinking. From germs, dust particles, bacteria, virus and parasitic microorganisms, there are many contaminants that can cause serious health complication. So, you need to treated or filter your rainwater before drinking to make clean and safe. 

drinking water on tablets

If you want to purify water while on the go, then water purification tablets would be your best option. This method of water purification is commonly used by backpackers and other outdoor adventurers due to their ease of use. They are also widely used during disasters such as floods when the available water is unsafe for drinking.  

However, the question most people ask is its effectiveness and how it really works. We are going to look at the way these tablets work in this guide. We are also going to look deeper into their safety and effectiveness.  

How Water Purification Tablets Works 

Just like most of the water purification methods, these tablets are typically chlorine, iodine and chlorine dioxide. When these chemicals mix with water, they create an environment which bacteria, parasitic protozoans and viruses cannot survive. So, they will kill all these diseases causing microorganisms in the water, rendering them harmless and safe for drinking. 

For the backpackers and other outdoor adventurers, there are many contaminants in the water that can cause serious health complications. For example, Campylobacter jejuni and Giardi Lumblia are some of the harmful microorganisms in the wilderness. Therefore, even the stream water is deep in the wilderness could be having deadly contaminants. That is why you should bring water purification tablets with you when venturing outdoors.  

group of mountaineers

Water Purification Steps 

For these tablets to work, there are several things you must get right. First are the steps that you need to follow to be sure that the water is safe for drinking. Second is the chemical concentration in the tablet. Note that these tablets effectiveness may vary depending on the amount of the active ingredient. Here are three main steps to follow to purify water using the water purification tablets. 

  1. The number of tablets. The first thing that you need to get right is the number of tablets you need to purify the water. However, this goes hand in hand with the amount that each tablet can purify. Note that if you put a small amount of the chemical, you will not kill the bacteria, viruses and protozoans in the water. Similarly, too much chemical can turn your water acidic. So, get the values correct. 
  2. Once you have added the tablet in the water, you need to shake the water container thoroughly. For the tablets to work, you should have them broken down completely. So, you need to shake your water container for the tablets to breakdown and until they disappear. 
  3. After the tablets have been broken down completely, you wait for several minutes for the purifier to dissolve in the water. If you drink the water immediately, the contaminants may be still alive. So, wait several minutes to be sure that all bacteria, viruses and parasitic protozoans. The most recommended time to wait is about 30 minutes. That’s when you will be almost certain that all microorganisms are neutralised. 

It is also important to note that some water purification tablets leave behind an unpleasant taste. If you are using iodine, you might also need to bring iodine neutraliser to remove the flavour. However, for those using chlorine, you just need to keep the container uncovered, and the chlorine component will evaporate. These are two ways to deal with the problem of unpleasant taste after purifying water. 

Are They Proven Safe And Effective? 

fit woman drinking water

When it comes to the safety and effectiveness of the water purification tablets, there are several things you need to consider. First, the safety of the tablets is a guarantee, but you need to buy from a reliable company. That is to ensure that the amount of water purification chemicals in the tablets is adequate. You should also check the type of chemical used to ensure your safety. There are three main chemicals approved safe for consumption but in the right amount. They are chlorine, iodine and chlorine dioxide. 

The other thing you need to consider is the type of contamination that these tablets can remove. These tablets only remove microorganisms in the water. If you want to purify water contaminated with heavy metals, chemicals, sediment, and other particles, then this is not a reliable method. So, these tablets only work for water contaminated with microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and parasitic microorganisms.  

The time needed for purification is a crucial factor to consider. Unlike when using a water filter that gives instant safe water for drinking, water purification tablets take a longer time to purify the water. For example, chlorine dioxide is very effective in killing a wide range of microorganisms but requires a longer time to treat the water.  

Lastly, not everyone can use water purification tablets. If you have a thyroid condition, iodine allergies or pregnant, then iodine tablets might pose health risks to you. In addition to that, tablets that have stayed for long since manufacturing or poorly stored might be ineffective. These are some of the major concerns about water purification tablets. 

Benefits of Water Purification tablets 

Regardless of the few shortcomings, there are many benefits of using tablets for water purification. The biggest benefit is that you don’t need sophisticated equipment to make water safe for drinking. What you need are tables and your water container. You also don’t need electricity as it is with some water filters. Therefore, it is one of the cheapest methods of treating drinking water. The tablets are small and light, and thus, portable. That’s why they are popular with outdoor adventurers. Water treatment tablets are also an excellent backup whenever equipment fails. 

In conclusion, water purification tablets are an excellent choice for water contaminated with microorganisms such as bacteria and viruses. However, you need to get the quantities of both the water and the chemical. You must also ensure that you don’t have thyroid problems, allergies or pregnant before using these tablets. That’s how you will ensure you are getting the most out of your water purification tablets. 

running water

The popularity of alkaline diets has increased over recent years due to its claimed health benefits. Alkaline water has become popular not only in Australia but worldwide as people look for ways to promote a healthy lifestyle. But is there a scientific proof backing the various health benefit claims? Well, that’s the big question.

Whereas millions of people across the world are now drinking alkalized water, most people have not fully understood what this water is and how you can get at home. In this guide, we are looking at alkaline water is and the available technologies making it possible to have an alkaline water supply at home.

What is Alkaline Water?

Alkaline water can be best defined using the pH of the water. The pH of water ranges from 0 to 14. Therefore, the neutral pH for water is 7. If the pH is below the neutral value, then the water becomes acidic. But if the pH is above pH 7, then the water becomes alkaline.  So, the higher the pH, the more alkalise the water becomes. Therefore, alkaline water simply water that has its pH above 7. However, highly alkalized water is not good for human consumption. The best pH ranges from 8 or 9.

Benefits of Alkaline Water

The main reason why most people are going for alkaline diets, including water, is because of the claimed health benefits. Although most of the health benefits have not been backed by science, studies have shown positive results.

One of the biggest benefits is the claim that it can help the body become less acidic. The claim is being backed by the fact that acidic body is prone to serious diseases like cancer amongst others. It is also believed that acidic bodies contribute to unhealthy weight gain.

woman drinking water

So alkaline helps in fighting cancer, reducing symptoms of blood pressure and diabetes, clean skin and treating acid reflux amongst other conditions. In addition, alkalized water increases the amount of oxygen in the blood. It also detoxifies the body and flushing harmful elements such as antioxidants of the body.

Main Alkalized Water technologies

Getting alkalized is not easy and cane expensive if you result to buying. Most people think that the rain is alkaline but acidic due to the presence of carbon dioxide in it amongst other acidic gases. But you can get natural alkaline water from clean natural streams. As the water passed on the rocks in the stream, it picks minerals that raise the pH above 7. However, this may not be practical, especially for many people who live in cities where water is supplied by authorities.

The good news is that there are technologies that are making it possible to raise the pH of any water. These technologies work by ionizing water to raise the pH. Here are 4 main technologies that you can use to get alkalized or ionized water supply in your home:

Use Ioniser Machine

One of the best technologies being used ionizing water direct from the water supply in your home. The ionizing water machine is attached to your water supply or the main water source to ensure that any water supplied to your home is alkalized. The machine raises the pH of the water through the electrolysis process. Machine utilizes a small voltage of electricity, which charges the water to raise the pH.

However, there are several models of the ionizer machine to pick from. Apart from the big one connected to the water source, there are smaller versions that connect to the tap. That means you can have alkaline when you need it. So if you have a small house, the smaller version would be a perfect choice.

Bio-Ceramic Filters

Bio-ceramic is one of the safest technologies that are being used to raise the pH of the water. The technique has been adopted by thousands of homes here in Australia. The technique uses selected natural materials that create a magnetic charge within the water to raise the pH of water. In most cases, clay, stones, sand, and other particles are widely used.

The use of a bio-ceramic technique is more of a natural process since it is the same as water passing through streams. The particles used will not only cause a magnetic charge within the water but will also add more nutrients to the water, which are helpful to the body.

Add pH Drops To the Water

clean drop of water

Another popular technique that is being used to raise the pH of drinking water is adding pH drops. These are a powerful solution which is added to the water to raise the pH. The content may vary depending on the brand, but most of them are made from organic potassium such as potassium citrate, potassium bicarbonate, potassium lactate, and more than 79 trace minerals.

When put in a glass of water, they will raise the pH to anything between 8 and 10. You must follow the instruction provided by the manufacturer when using the pH drops. Do not exceed the recommended number of drops because the water might end up with a pH above 10, which may not be good for your health.

Attached Magnet To Water Pipes

This is another technology that is being used across the world to raise the pH of water. The technology involves the use of magnetic devices to soften water travelling through the pipe. The argument supporting this technology claims that as the water passes through a magnetic field, its charge is restored. That is how water is ionized and hence increasing its alkalinity.

It is a simple technique, and you will not need a plumber or tools to install it. However, it is one of the technologies that is still being debated because its efficacy is still in doubt. So you might need to do a little more research before adopting it. However, it has shown positive results in some instances.

Alkaline water and other diets have indeed become increasingly popular. Although some studies have shown that drinking this water reduces symptoms for diseases such as blood pressure and diabetes, most of the claims have no scientific backing. But this water is generally good for the body.

water to your body

Whether you are walking down the street or just having fun outdoor, you will notice that almost everyone has a bottle of water. But this number has increased significantly over the last few years after studies showed that there are many health benefits that come with drinking at least eight glasses (8-ounces) of water a daily.

So what are the main health benefits of drinking water? Well, there are many health benefits associated with drinking an adequate amount of water daily. In this guide, we have listed some of the scientifically proven health benefits:

1. Water Maintains Balance of Body Fluid

One thing that most of the time gets lost to most people is that we are more than 60% water. So all functions and organs of the body rely on the availability of adequate water to function properly. That includes the digestive systems, circulation, transportation of nutrients, and removal of waste amongst others. Failure to drink water will cause an imbalance of the body fluid, and that will impact on various functions of the body. For instance, there will be poor circulation, digestion problems, and kidney problems, and so on.

2. Helps To Manage Weight Issues

While water may not have a direct impact on weight loss, it can help manage unhealthy weight gain. First, substituting higher calories with plain or alkaline water helps to control your calories intake. In addition, drinking water throughout the day makes you feel fuller hence cutting on the number of calories you take every day. It has also been proven that warm water helps to increase the metabolism rate, which results in burning more fats. These are just some of the reasons why water an essential element in any weight loss strategy.

3. It Energizes Muscles

body muscles

This is one of the biggest health benefits of drinking water for those in intense physical activities. For your muscles to work effectively, they need to get energised. So muscles cells must be supplied with an adequate amount of water to produce the needed energy as well as remove waste from the muscles. So drinking an adequate amount of water is one of the natural ways of energising muscles. You must have a balanced body fluid for the muscles to work effectively. Otherwise, you will start feeling fatigued. So drink enough water when exercising, hiking, and other physical outdoor activities.

4. Water Is Good For Your Skin

When you notice that your skin is turning rough, don’t panic and start looking for the skin products. Start by checking whether you are drinking an adequate amount of water as recommended. Water is very crucial for supple, moist skin. By just drinking an adequate amount of water, the skin tissue will become hydrated. So, it will start secreting oils and other fluids that will keep the skin supple and moist. So before you turn skincare products, which could be harmful to your skin, start with drinking more water. Create a practical water drinking schedule to ensure that you are drinking at least 8 glasses of water per day.

5. Water Is Good For Kidneys

Your kidney does the main excretion work by ridding the body of toxins. However, for the process to happen, you must drink the right amount of water. One of the main toxins in the body is the blood urea nitrogen, which is a water-soluble waste. It is must be passed through the kidney to be excreted. Once these toxins reach the kidney, you need to urinate more often so that they are flushed out faster. So for this toxin to be removed from the body, you must drink an adequate amount of water to boost circulation, which plays a crucial role in moving toxins to the kidneys. 

6. Lubricates the Joint

How you move, work, and everything you do relies on the effectiveness of your joints. You must have properly lubricated joints and well-functioning cartilage to move. One important thing to note is that cartilage is more than 80 percent water. So when you become dehydrated, your will cartilage becomes ineffective. That is when you will start experiencing joint pains since the cartilage cannot provide the needed shock-absorbing abilities. This is another health benefits of drinking water

7. Improved Digestion

water good for digestion

There are several crucial things that affect the effectiveness of the digestion system. First is the amount of saliva. The digestive system starts at the mouth where food is broken down by the teeth and moisten by the saliva. Saliva also contains amylase that breaks down starches in the mouth. If the amount of saliva produced in the mouth is inadequate, then you will definitely have a problem with the digestive system. The mucus in the mouth and the whole of the gut is also crucial in the digestion process. You need to drink a lot of water for the body to produce adequate saliva and mucus for proper digestion.

8. Keeps Sensitive Tissues (Brain, Spinal Cord) Functioning

Water is crucial for the proper functioning of sensitive tissues. For the brain and spinal cord to function correctly, the body must be well-hydrated. That is why when you very thirsty, you are likely to experience a headache. It is also important to note that water is involved in the production of neurotransmitters and hormones. So you need to drink an adequate amount of water to think and reason correctly. That's another health benefits of drinking water.

9. Regulates Body Temperature

The temperature of the body must be maintained at around 98.6°F (37°C). Water plays a crucial role in regulating body temperature in the required range. When it becomes too hot, and the body temperature starts to rise, the skin will start sweating and in the process, cool the body as it evaporates. So when you are working out, the body heats up, but as the sweat evaporates, it has a cooling effect on the body. That's another health benefits of drinking water. So if you are in the environment of heat stress, then you need to drink a lot of water.

10. Improves Your Mood

You will be surprised to learn that drinking water can help improve your moods. If the body is dehydrated, it means that all the organs of the body, including the brain, are not functioning properly. The level of circulation is poor, and that means body cells are not working properly. In addition, the level of toxins in the body keeps building up. So you feel fatigued and can’t think and reason properly. All this leads to a bad mood. But when drink adequate, every organ in the body is working correctly hence no stress and anxiety.

Drinking water is crucial not only in quenching you thirsty but has so many other health benefits. That’s why everyone should have a water drinking schedule to ensure that they are the right amount of water every day.

bottle of drinking water

Water contamination is not an Australia problem but a global issue. It is rare to find clean and safe water for drinking today. That’s why it is not recommended that you drink untreated water not even id it is rainwater.

Interestingly, most people don’t actually it means with dirty water. If you ask around, most will say it’s the colored or smelling water, which is not actually the case. In this guide, we are looking at the dirty water and the best dirty water purification process:

What is Dirty Water?

Dirty water is any water that is contaminated with disease-causing substances. There are many ways that water can get contaminated with open defecation being one of the major causes. Open defecation exposes a population to waterborne diseases like Hepatitis A, typhoid, and cholera amongst others. Other major causes of dirty water or water pollution are industrial wastes, herbicides, and antibacterial compounds, and so on.

Some people think that rainwater is the safest to drink, but that is not true. What most people don’t know is that there are many harmful and acidic gases in the air, mostly produced by industries. Once the rainwater comes into contact with these gases, it becomes dirty, acidic, and thus not safe for human consumption. So even water from your faucet is not safe for drinking. Fortunately, there are ways that you can make any dirty water safe for drinking.

9 Tips On Making Dirty Water Safe For Drinking

There are many ways that dirty water can be purified to make it safe for human contamination. There are numerous simple purification methods, as well as sophisticated technologies. Here are 10 tips on making Dirty water safe for drinking.

1.Boiling Water

Boiling water is the simplest purification process that is widely used and recommended by medical specialists. It is also one of the most reliable water purification methods for almost all people around the world. What you need is contain and a heating apparatus to boil the water. Studies have shown that no parasite, bacterial, and other pathogens causing diseases can survive the temperature of boiling water. That’s why it is one of the reliable purification methods.

boiling water

2. Use Iodine

Iodine has been used for decades as one of the water treatment agents, especially for people who love outdoor adventure. It is very effective and also very convenient on the go solution for dirty water. What you need is just to add iodine solution, crystals or tablet into the water in a container, shake it well and wait for 30minutes for the iodine work. It will kill all viruses, bacteria, and other pathogens in the water.

3. Use Water Filters

Most homes in Australia are using water filters to purify water before drinking. There is all sort of water filters in the market with the main difference being the technology used to purify the water. However, the principle is the same- to remove harmful chemical compounds and pathogens that cause diseases. So water filters get rid of bacteria, parasite, and chemical elements in the dirty water.

4. Use Ultraviolet Light

This is one of the most effective technologies that most people are now adopting to purify water. It is one of the popular water purification methods with people who love outdoor adventures. The technology uses the ultraviolet light to kill bacteria, viruses, and other pathogens in the water. What you need to is expose the dirty water to the UV light for a few minutes, and you are good to go.

However, the purification process does not remove solid particles like water filters. So you might need another process to remove solid particles. The technology works very well for upstream water where pollution and exposure to harmful chemicals are almost zero.

5. Distillation

faucet water

Distillation is one of the best dirty water purification methods. This process works best in conditions where the only available water is too dangerous for human consumption. The distillation process involves boiling and cooling the collected steam, cool it to get quality drinking water. It is a more sophisticated process but produces the best quality drinking water. It requires quite an expensive setup including the copper fitted steam vent.

6. Reverse Osmosis (RO)

Ro is one of the techniques used by water filters to purify dirty water. The process is known for producing one of the cleanest and safest water for drinking. These water filters usually work by removing inorganic solids in the water by applying more than the osmotic pressure. So when going to the market, you can buy this type of water filter instead of carbon filters.

7. Chlorination

This is one of the most widely used methods of making dirty water safe for drinking. In fact, it is one of the best emergency dirty water purification methods. What you need is just to chlorine into the water, and it will kill all pathogens in the water. It is very effective in killing microorganisms and will not remove solid particles from the water. If you don’t have chlorine, you can use a little bit of household bleach because it has between 5% and 6% chlorine.

8. Solar Purification

Solar purification or disinfection is another effective dirty water purification method. As the name suggests, the process uses solar energy to purify or disinfect the water to make it safe for drinking. The process works best for that is not dangerous for drinking but could be having pathogens in it. By exposing it to the sun, the UV rays of the sun will kill all pathogens in the water. In addition, solar energy can be used to power a water purifier.

9. Sedimentation

water distillation

Sedimentation is usually used to purify water that is heavily laden with solid particles. It is one of the primary purification processes of sewage water. The technique uses gravity to remove solid particles from the water. After removing solid particles, you can then use UV, iodine, or chlorine other water purification to kill pathogens in the water, making it safe for drinking.

Unless the water has been treated, it is not safe for drinking. Whether it is a natural stream in the bush or tap water, it has solid particles, chemicals, and pathogens that can cause diseases. Try some of these water purification methods if you think you have a dirty water supply.